International Criminal Court (ICC)

International Criminal Court is the first permanent international criminal court and the first new major international court of the 21st century. The proposals for an international criminal court go way back to late 1800s. The idea of a permanent ICC within the UN dates back to 1948 when the UN was working on the Genocide Convention. Several drafts for an ICC was drafted through the years, but it was not possible to realize them until political thinking changed during the events of Yugoslavia and Rwanda. Drafting of an ICC statute started in 1992 and on 17 July 1998 “Rome Statute of International Criminal Court” was adopted in a diplomatic conference. And the Statute entered into force on 1 July 2002. The ICC is based on the principle of “complementary” and has jurisdiction over natural persons. Genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes and aggression are the crimes within its jurisdiction.

Agenda ItemThe Prosecutor v. Windrunner

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