European Court of Human Rights is the judicial organ established by the European Convention on Human Rights, based in Strasbourg, France. It is composed of one Judge for each State party to the Convention. The Court rules on individual or State applications alleging violations of the civil and political rights set out in the Convention. Its judgements are binding on the Member States of the Council of Europe. The Court’s case-law makes the Convention a living instrument for protecting human rights much more appropriately.
In this year’s edition of the European Court of Human Rights, the Court will hear an individual application concerning euthanasia. Euthanasia means good death in Greek, the word is used for painless killing of a patient suffering from an incurable disease or in state of irreversible coma. It is a highly controversial topic for human rights law since the Member States have a positive obligation to protect the right to life of individuals which is governed by Article 2 of European Convention on Human Rights. Euthanasia is legal in Belgium, Canada, Colombia, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, New Zealand and Spain.
In this case the participants will be involved in conversation about highly controversial topic and try to examine the Court’s view about the issue concerning the Article 2 and Article 8 of the Convention.